Arthritis is one of the most occurred problems that are heard in recent times. It is mostly seen in the aged population. It is seen that about 70-80 percent of the old age population are suffering from arthritis. It is mainly the result of aging because with age the bones get softened. However, arthritis is not a single disease or a problem. It causes a lot of pain and series of pain to different areas of the body. There are almost more than 100 types of arthritis that are present which causes the problem to the patients. It is one of the most important reasons for disability nowadays this problem is most common in the female. Common arthritis has the symptoms of swelling, stiffness, pain etc. that occurs in the joint region mainly. Peoples experiences problems in walking, doing any of physical exercise, walking up the stairways etc. It can damage a limb for life, few arthritis is also linked with heart, lungs, kidney, eye, skin etc. and cause severe associative problems.
Types of Arthritis
Out of the 100 different types of arthritis present, these two are the most common in occurrences. It is seen that the disease mainly affects the old age population and especially in the woman. They are:
Osteoarthritis– family history of this type of arthritis is very much effective as it can be carried through genes and are very active and are well expressed in next generation. It mainly affects the bone and the joint region causing swiftness, stiffness, wear away etc. Over time the pain may increase and might just become chronic. With time the effect of the pain increases.
Mild pain can be controlled if we can follow a particular regime
- Balancing regular activities with rest
- Using cold and hot therapies
- Regular physical exercise.
- Maintaining a proper and healthy weight
- Using assistive machines for betterment.
- To avoid excessive exercise or repetitive movements
However in case of severe problem joint replacement must be necessary along with that many other strategic therapies are very much useful.
Rheumatoid Arthritis– Arthritis can also occur in relation to the immune system. Rheumatoid arthritis is a form of arthritis that connects with the immune system and causes a lot of inflammation in the joint region filled with fluids thereby causing a good amount of pain. It is also called as Auto-immune disease. It can result in damage of the internal organs, erosion of the joints and problem in many other organs of different parts of the body. Medicine like anti-rheumatic drugs are available for the treatment and reduce the pain of the patients.
Mode of Treatment
Medicines are mainly the mode of treatment. Along with medicines doctors also go for surgical methods for the treatment of this disease. Surgical methods can be very fruitful as it can remove the problem almost completely however associated with a lot of risk factors.
When the case becomes extreme and the medicines are not at work for the patient’s replacement surgery is very much suggested.
Limb and Hip replacement Surgery in India are very much common and the doctors are producing a lot of positive results in this field curing the patients.